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Table of contents
When we resent it, we consider ourselves virtual equals with God instead of His children. Resentment at chastening shows how we see God and how we see ourselves. But He for our profit : Human fathers, even with the best of intention, can only chasten imperfectly because they lack perfect knowledge. The all-knowing God can chasten us perfectly, with better and more lasting results than even the best earthly father. Now no chastening seems to be joyful for the present, but painful; nevertheless, afterward it yields the peaceable fruit of righteousness to those who have been trained by it.
Psalm 16 Hebrew
No chastening seems to be joyful for the present : Trials are trials and chastening is chastening. If it does not hurt or press us, then they do not serve their purpose. We sometimes want trials that are not trials and chastening that is not chastening. Spurgeon observed that in the natural realm we can be led astray by what seems to be. The earth does not seem to move, or seem to be round; the sun seems to be larger at sunset, and so on.
I ask you, would it not be a most ridiculous thing if a father should so chasten a child, that the child came down stairs laughing, and smiling, and rejoicing at the flogging. Instead of being at all serviceable, would it not be utterly useless? What good could a chastisement have done if it was not felt? No smart? Then surely no benefit! The peaceable fruit of righteousness : This fruit must be evident in the life of the Christian.
They are not trained by it and therefore the peaceable fruit of righteousness is not evident. Trained in the ancient Greek language is a word from the world of athletics. God has a purpose for training you. Think of David after a lion attacked when he was just a boy tending the sheep. I barely escaped! God always has a purpose. We can trust Him. The result does not come immediately , but afterward. Well, you do not expect to see apples or plums on a tree which you have planted but a week. Only little children put their seeds into their flower-garden, and then expect to see them grow into plants in an hour.
We notice that in this section on chastening the author never pointed to Jesus as an example. This is because Jesus never needed to be corrected by His Father.
Psalm 16 Hebrew
Jesus suffered, but not for the sake of correction. Therefore strengthen the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees, and make straight paths for your feet, so that what is lame may not be dislocated, but rather be healed.
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Therefore strengthen the hands which hang down : Almost like a coach or a military officer, the author told his fellow followers of Jesus to take courage and be active. He gave exhaustive reasons to be strong in the Lord and to put off discouragement, the time had now come to do it. This readiness is first to go when one surrenders to discouragement. Pursue peace with all people, and holiness, without which no one will see the Lord: looking carefully lest anyone fall short of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up cause trouble, and by this many become defiled; lest there be any fornicator or profane person like Esau, who for one morsel of food sold his birthright.
For you know that afterward, when he wanted to inherit the blessing, he was rejected, for he found no place for repentance, though he sought it diligently with tears. Pursue peace with all people, and holiness : This means to walk right with both men pursue peace with all men and to walk right with God and holiness. Discouragement makes us sloppy and unconcerned with holiness and personal relationships.
Regarding holiness, we are told without which no one will see the Lord. A lack of holiness is a critical obstacle to a close relationship with God. They are spots in our feasts of charity. Like hidden rocks, they are the terror of navigators. It is hard to steer clear of them: and there is no telling what wrecks they may cause. It may be in the soul as the grain of mustard-seed, and yet not developed; it may be in the heart asa wish and a desire, rather than anything that has been fully realized, — a groaning, a panting, a longing, a striving.
Spurgeon described four types of people who try to get on without holiness:. Lest anyone fall short of the grace of God : We must live right in regard to the grace of God. Bitterness corrupts many, rooted in a sense of personal hurt, and many hold on to the bitterness with amazing stubbornness. What they must do is remember the grace of God extended to them, and start extending that grace towards others — loving the undeserving.
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William Barclay wrote that the phrase fall short of the grace of God might also be translated failing to keep up with the grace of God. The idea is that the grace of God is moving on, past the pain and hurt of the past. We should move on also. Lest there be any fornicator or profane person : We must get right in regard to our moral conduct. Remember that there are blessings reserved only for the pure in heart : they shall see God Matthew Outside every fane or temple there was an area of land open to every one, where people gathered, and open place without enclosure.
Esau had not such sacred enclosure in his life, and in this sense was a purely secular man. Like Esau, who for one morsel of food sold his birthright : Many Christians today sell a birthright of intimacy with God as cheaply as Esau sold his birthright Genesis and Esau could have come back to God.
But he could not undo his act. Though he sought it diligently with tears : When Esau later sought the blessing he was rejected by his father Isaac and found no place for repentance before Isaac. It could never be regained because he despised it. For you have not come to the mountain that may be touched and that burned with fire, and to blackness and darkness and tempest, and the sound of a trumpet and the voice of words, so that those who heard it begged that the word should not be spoken to them anymore.
For you have not come to the mountain that may be touched and that burned with fire : E xodus explains what it was like when Israel came to Mount Sinai. So that those who heard it begged that the word should not be spoken to them anymore : The reaction of Israel was understandable: they were terrified Exodus They wanted the experience to stop , not to continue.
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All this fear did not succeed in promoting holiness among the people of Israel. It did not succeed in changing the heart of Israel. But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, to an innumerable company of angels, to the general assembly and church of the firstborn who are registered in heaven, to God the Judge of all, to the spirits of just men made perfect, to Jesus the Mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling that speaks better things than that of Abel.
But you have come to Mount Zion : We are in a different place. The law came to Sinai; the cross was on Zion. The city of the living God : There was no city at Mount Sinai; it was out in the desolate desert. The heavenly Jerusalem : Sinai was associated with Egypt; Zion is associated with heaven. To an innumerable company of angels : A few angels delivered the law to Moses on Mount Sinai; yet Mount Zion has an innumerable company of angels.
To the general assembly and church of the firstborn who are registered in heaven : What God gave at Mount Sinai was mainly for Israel; what God gave at Mount Zion is for all and it spans all the redeemed, both the church and the general assembly of the redeemed, all together. Rather, the work Jesus did on Mount Zion satisfies the justice of God, bringing forth the spirits of just men made perfect. Sampson — was educated at the University of Virginia and the Union Theological Seminary before being ordained in Articulating the distinctive doctrines within the epistle to the Hebrews, G.
Chadwick offers concise commentary that thoroughly covers the function of the law in relationship to atonement through Christ. Walking through the text chapter-by-chapter, the author provides exposition on the authorship, style, and scope of the epistle. Leaning towards Pauline authorship, Chadwick reiterates and expounds the key themes found in the text. Chadwick — was educated at Trinity College, Dublin before being ordained in Chadwick went on to later become rector of St.
Seeking to elucidate the underlying ideas and themes within the epistle to the Hebrews, E. Scott offers succinct exposition of the text. Asserting a clear distinction between Church doctrines and the influence of Hellenistic thought in the text, Scott examines the intended themes within the text. Scott was well known for his authority on Christianity. Noting the significance of the epistle to the Hebrews, Brown provides extensive notes for further clarification and reading.
Arranged as a series of nine discourses, An Exposition of the Epistle of the Apostle Paul to the Hebrews offers comprehensive verse-by-verse exposition of the text. Focusing on the doctrinal implications of the epistle, John Brown coherently elucidates the figurative language and semantics found in the epistle. Exegetically moving through the epistle to Hebrews, R. Dale examines the formation of doctrine, authorship, and the importance of the old and new covenants.
Contrasting the law with the new covenant, Dale offers thorough concise interpretation on the fulfillment of the law with regard to sacrifices, the priesthood, and redemption. Published following the death of James A. Haldane , Notes Intended for an Exposition of the Epistle to the Hebrews engages the reader with verse-by-verse explication of the text. Attempting to illuminate and expound esoteric doctrines found in the text, Haldane provides thorough explanation of the epistle coupled with practical application.
James A. Haldane — was born in Dundee, Scotland. After receiving his education at the University of Edinburgh, Haldane served as a midshipman and made multiple voyages to India.